Manual The Year in Respiratory Medicine Volume 3 (2006)

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John Britton, chairman of the college's tobacco advisory group, praised the journal for discussing the health problem, but he concluded that a "ban on tobacco would be a nightmare. If tobacco were banned we would have 13 million people desperately craving a drug that they would not be able to get. Director Simon Clark called the journal " fascist " and argued that it is hypocritical to ban tobacco while allowing unhealthy junk foods , alcohol consumption, and participation in extreme sports.

Health Secretary John Reid reiterated that his government is committed to helping people give up smoking. He added: "Despite the fact that this is a serious problem, it is a little bit extreme for us in Britain to start locking people up because they have an ounce of tobacco somewhere.

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The Lancet also published a controversial estimate of the Iraq War 's Iraqi death toll—around ,—in In , a follow-up study by the same team suggested that the violent death rate in Iraq was not only consistent with the earlier estimate, but had increased considerably in the intervening period see Lancet surveys of casualties of the Iraq War. The second survey estimated that there had been , excess Iraqi deaths as a consequence of the war. The estimates provided in the second article are much higher than those published in other surveys from the same time.

The NEJM article stated that the second Lancet survey "considerably overestimated the number of violent deaths" and said the Lancet results were "highly improbable, given the internal and external consistency of the data and the much larger sample size and quality-control measures taken in the implementation of the IFHS.

Within a week, the New England Journal of Medicine published an expression of editorial concern regarding its published research papers by the same author, and in November the journal withdrew two oral cancer studies led by the Norwegian researcher. In August , The Lancet Infectious Diseases published an article about an enzyme conferring multi-drug-resistance properties in bacteria, [21] which had previously been named New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase or NDM-1 based on the assumed origin of the mechanism.

Of the 29 UK patients, 17 had a history of travel to India or Pakistan within 1 year, and 14 had been admitted to hospital in these countries. The authors of the article cited medical tourism to India for the spread of bacteria carrying NDM-1, which the Indian government denied. A December article determined that alcohol had the worst medical and social effects compared to other recreational substances such as heroin and crack cocaine.

The drugs marijuana, ecstasy, and LSD scored far lower in terms of related harms. The authors did not advocate alcohol prohibition, but they suggested that the government raise the price of alcohol until it was no longer widely available.

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He also remarked that millions of British citizens enjoy alcohol as "a regular and enjoyable social drink". In , The Lancet published a study by the UK-based "PACE trial management group", which reported success with graded exercise therapy and cognitive behavioural therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome ; [28] a follow-up study was published in Lancet Psychiatry in Starting in , critics of the studies filed Freedom of Information Act requests to get access to the authors' primary data, in order to learn what the trial's results would have been under the original protocol.

In some of the data was released, which allowed calculation of results based on the original protocol and found that additional treatment led to no significant improvement in recovery rates over the control condition. In August , The Lancet published an "Open letter for the people of Gaza " in their correspondence section. I am concerned that if there is any truth in the video, that Jews control the media, politics and banking , what on earth is going on? I was worried. The editor of The Lancet , Richard Horton , said: "I have no plans to retract the letter, and I would not retract the letter even if it was found to be substantiated.

The transparent effort to conceal this vicious and substantially mendacious partisan political diatribe as an innocent humanitarian appeal has no place in any serious publication, let alone a professional medical journal, and would disgrace even the lowest of the gutter press. It has greatly detracted from the former high standing of the journal.

  • The Lancet - Wikipedia.
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The two go hand-in-hand. The following persons have been editors-in-chief of the journal:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the journal. For other uses, see Lancet. Not to be confused with The Journal-Lancet. Open access. Impact factor See also: Richard Horton Controversies.

This section appears to be slanted towards recent events. Please try to keep recent events in historical perspective and add more content related to non-recent events. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. Population Media Center. Retrieved 4 March The Lancet. Retrieved 14 November Web of Science Science ed. Clarivate Analytics. Science Direct. BBC News. British Medical Journal.

Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Sign In or Create an Account. Sign In. Advanced Search. Article Navigation. Close mobile search navigation Article Navigation. Volume Article Contents. Pulmonary manifestations. Assessment of pulmonary involvement in ANCA vasculitis. Correspondence to: D.


E-mail: d. Oxford Academic. Google Scholar. Cite Citation. Permissions Icon Permissions. Pathology Wegener's granulomatosis classically represents a triad of inflammation and vasculitis of the upper and lower airway with glomerulonephritis. Pathogenesis Wegener's granulomatosis and microscopic polyangiitis The aetiology of these diseases remains unknown; however, significant advances have been made in understanding disease pathogenesis several very good reviews have recently been published [ 9 , 10 ].

Churg—Strauss syndrome Observations of Churg—Strauss syndrome in cases of parasitic disease e. Pulmonary manifestations Pulmonary involvement is a characteristic feature of both Wegener's granulomatosis and Churg—Strauss syndrome, less so in microscopic polyangiitis. T able 1. Open in new tab. Open in new tab Download slide. Chest X-ray of patient with active Wegener's demonstrating cavitating lesions. T able 2. HRCT chest image of a cavitating pulmonary mass in a patient with Wegener's.

Flow volume loop showing typical flow limitation due to a fixed subglottic stenosis. T able 3. Nomenclature of systemic vasculitides: the proposal of an International Consensus Conference. Arthritis Rheum. Epidemiology of systemic vasculitis: a ten-year study in the United Kingdom. An interdisciplinary approach to the care of patients with Wegener's granulomatosis: long-term outcome in patients. Prognostic markers in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody-assocaited microscopic polyangiitis and glomerulonephritis.

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